Certain abbreviations may be used in parentheses within the body of a text (etc, eg, ie), but the rest should appear only in footnotes, endnotes, tables, and other forms of documentation one notable exception: apa style allows writers to use the abbreviation et al when discussing works with multiple authors and v in the. It's common to use abbreviations, acronyms and initialisms in academic writing do you know all the generally, you should define acronyms and initialisms on their first use by giving the abbreviation in parentheses after the full terminology: the study was (short for et cetera) and 'nb' (short for nota bene) but academic. Use “cf” to contrast to compare like things, use “see” or “see also” eg “for example,” (abbreviation for exempli gratia) some studies (eg, jenkins & morgan, 2010 macmillan, 2009) have supported this conclusion others—for example, chang (2004)—disagreed always put a comma after etc “and so on” or “and so. Do you speak latin if the answer is no, you may have trouble with some latin abbreviations, such as ie, eg, or et al let's focus on one of these: et al you may have seen it, but it's time to find out what et al means and how to use it et al is an abbreviation for et alia (neuter plural) but it can also be an abbreviation for et. (=used when you are rather bored or annoyed by the list you are giving) the letter says pay at once, they've reminded us before etc etcregisterwhen writing essays, articles, or business letters, people usually avoid using etc or etcetera, and write the sentence another way using such as: feelings of jealousy, anger, hatred,. How to use etc in a sentence example sentences with the word etc etc example sentences.
And never use etc at the end of a series that begins with for example, eg, including, such as, and the like, because these terms make etc redundant: they already imply that the writer could offer other examples every so many regard fine literature—novels, essays, poetry, etc—as essential to a useful life. A the expression “et cetera” is rarely used its abbreviation “etc” is discouraged in formal writing cmos recommends that, if used, it should be confined to parenthetical material or lists and tables there is, however, no difference between the for the use of commas with “etc” and some of its english equivalents, see. (note that et al makes the subject plural if the authors are the subject of the sentence rather than the paper, so it is smith et al  show not shows avoid etc use for example, such as, among others or, better yet, try to give a complete list (unless citing, for example, a list of products known to be.
A point of uncertainty for many: when you have something listing examples, do you use etc with eg for example, requirements for baking a cake (eg, eggs, flour, sugar, etc) the answer: use one or the other (or neither – see below), but not both each of them indicates you're seeing a subset: eg. Http://wwwengvidcom do you like studying, learning new things, practicing your english, etc do you stop when you see 'etc' and wonder what it means this lesson will look at the little things in english, such as how to show a list continues without actually continuing it you'll learn how and when to use.
And make sure you put all information from your texts into your own words 12 use only the texts assigned for your class to answer your essays 13 don't worry about a thesis statement in your opening paragraph and don't waste time writing the question 14 do not use etc in your essay and don't say you think something. Hello, i have one question: how many ways are there to talk about the additional options (both in speaking and writing) i just know to use ,etc when writing essays, and something like that/things like that/so on/more and more when speaking so if you know any further phrases, please teach me.
Do not use etc or an equivalent expression at the end of a series introduced by such as, for example, or eg such terms imply that only a few selected examples will be given therefore, it is unnecessary to add etc or and so on, which suggests that further examples could be given (william a sabin, the. The first essays are coming up and everyone can use a little help with the preparations in this hour there will be a lecturer, dr jochem riesthuis, who will explain to you the main things that are expected of you when writing an essay and there will also be a chance to ask questions this event is organized.